1. Andhra Pradesh
  • Dance
  1. The dance forms of Andhra Pradesh reflect the cultural heritage of the state. They differ in costumes, types and the musical instruments used. Kuchipudi: Kuchipudi is one of the most famous traditional dance forms of Andhra Pradesh. It gets its name from the name of the village where resident Brahmins practiced this art form. The dancers sway to the music and tune of a singer who is accompanied by musicians playing mridangam,violin, flute and tambura.
  • Language

Telugu is the official language of Andhra Pradesh. However, there are many local dialects that are also spoken in different parts of the state. Some of these dialects include Waddar, Chenchu, Savara, Golari, Kamanthi etc. Telugu has a strong reflection of Sankrit influence as it has absorbed tatsamas from Sanskrit.

  1. ArunachalPradesh                                                                                                                        
  • Dance

The dance forms of Arunachal Pradesh are filled with energy and colours. While in some dance forms, men and women dance separately, in others they perform together. The most common traditional dance form of Arunachal Pradesh is:

  • Bardo Chamm: This dance form depicts the fight between good and evil. There is an interesting folk lore behind this dance form. Dancers wear masks and dress up as animals and dance to the tune of drums and cymbals.
  • Language

Arunachal Pradesh is believed to be one for the linguistically richest states in the country as it home to possibly at least 30 distinct languages and innumerable dialects thereof. Some of the common languages spoken in the state are Tani, Bodic, Idu, Miju etc. Hindi and English are the official languages used in Arunachal Pradesh.

  1.  Assam

 

Dance Some of the common dance forms of Assam are:

  • Bihu: This is related to the harvest festival called Bihu. Young men and women dress up in colourful clothes and dance to the tunes of dhol, pepa or gagana.
  • Jhumur Nach: This is performed by tea garden workers to the beat of a drum called ‘Madal’.
  • Bagurumba: Performed by the Bodo tribal community, this dance is performed by girls alone.

Language The people of Assam speak the language Assamese. It is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language and is also the official language of the state.

  1. Bihar                                                                                                
  • Dance

The common folk dances of Bihar include:

Jhijian Dance: This a form of folk dance of Bihar where women sing and dance to appease Lord Indra.

Jat Jatin Dance: This is performed by a couple and the dance depicts the hardships and life experiences of an emigrant couple.

Kajari Dance: The dance is performed during the rainy season. Young girls dance like a peacock in this form of folk dance.

  • Language

Bihari is the collective name given to the different languages spoken in the region. Some of the common dialects spoken in Bihar include Maithili, Bhojpuri, Magahi, Angika etc. Hindi is the official language and also the medium of instruction in many schools in Bihar.

  1. Chattisgar

Dances

  • Panthi: The dance is performed on the birth anniversary of Guru Ghasi Das and has a lot of religious significance.
  • Raut Nacha: Performed by Yadavs or Yaduvanshis, this dances resembles the raas leela performed by Lord Krishna with his gopis.

Language

Chhattisgarhi is the official language of the state.The language like Hindi is written in the Devanagri script and has a strong influence of the Munda and Dravidian languages.

  1. Goa

                                                                                                                                                           

Dance

Dekni: This is a traditional dance form which is performed by women. The music exhibits influences of both the East and West and so is traditional and contemporary at the same time.

Kunbi: This dance form depicts the time before the Portuguese conquest of the region. It is mainly a social dance and is devoid of any religious connotation.

Gofftoo: It is a form of peasant dance and is performed after the harvest season.

Language

The official language of Goa and the Konkan region is Konkani. Portuguese is still spoken in these parts by the elderly population of Goa. Marathi is also spoken in some places.

  1. Gujrat                                                         

Dance

Garba: Garba is a popular form of dance that is performed during the nine-day festival of Navratri. A picture or idol of Goddess Shakti or a lamp is placed in the centre and dancers stand in concentric circles for the performance.

Dandiya Raas: Dandiya Raas was traditionally performed by men to the tune of traditional instruments. Howevere, these days the dance form has evolved and men and women are seen dancing to foot-tapping numbers during the Navratri festival.

Language

Gujarati is the official language of the state. Gujarati is an Indo-Aryan language and according to studies it is the 26th most spoken native language in the world. The language owes its origin to Old Gujarati which gave birth to the modern day Gujarati and Rajasthani languages.

 

  1. Haryana

Dance

Saang Dance: This dance is performed in groups. Usually comprising of a group of 12, men dress up as women in this dance to play the roles of female characters. The dance is based on folk tales or religious stories.

Chhathi Dance: This is performed on the birth of a male child. Women perform this dance on the sixth day of the birth of the child. Usually performed at night, the dance depicts romantic stories.

Language

The language commonly spoken in this region is Haryanvi. The language is an Indo-Aryan language and is quite similar to Braj Bhasha. It is also considered to be a dialect of Hindi.

 

  1. Himachal Pradesh

Dance

Kinnauri Nati: A beautiful folk dance which is usually a mime and depicts the sowing of crops and the ensuing festivities.

Namagen: This is usually performed to welcome the autumn season. The costumes of the dances of this folk dance is particularly interesting because of the variety of colours and women dancers were extremely beautiful silver jewellery.

Language

Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh. However, in some parts of the state people still speak the Pahari language, which has many dialects and sub-dialects too. Punjabi is also widely spoken in the state.

  1. Jammu and Kashmir

                                                                                                                                                    

Dance

Kud: It is basically a ritual dance which is performed to appease the gods. Usually performed at night, dancers sway to the tunes of instruments such as the Chhaina, flute and drums.

Dumhal Dance: This is a much popular form of folk dance. Only the men of the Wattal are allowed to perform this dance. The most interesting aspect of the dance is the colourful costume of the dancer.

Language

Kashmiri is the most popularly spoken language in the region. Hindi, Urdu and English are also widely used by people to communicate in J&K.

 

  1. Jharkhand 

Dance

Chhou : The Chhou dance is a form of tribal dance. Dancers wear masks made of paper mache and perform on stories from mythology. The colourful costumes and jewellery are the special attraction of this dance form.

Language

Although Hindi is the official language of the state, many other languages and dialects are used by the people living in different parts of the state. Such languages include Santhali, Mundari, Kharia, Ho, Bhumiji etc.

  1. Karnataka

Dance

Kunitha: This is a ritualistic dance performed by the men of the shepherd community.

Komb-aat: The Komb-aat is also a ritualistic dance which is performed within the temple premises. The dance depicts stories from mythology.

Language

Kannada is the official language of Karnataka. Other languages such as Tulu, Konkani, Kodava and Urdu are also spoken in the state.

 

  1. Kerala

                                                                 

Dance

Kathakali: A highly dramatized dance drama which depicts stories from mythology. This dance form is particularly important due to the make-up and costumes used by the artists.

Language

Malayalam is the official language of the state. However, Hindi, English, Tamil are the other languages that are spoken in the region.

 

  1. Madhya Pradesh

Dance

Tertali: This form of dance is usually performed by women of the Kamar tribe. Dancers cover their head with a veil, tie cymbals on different parts of their body and dance to the tune of a Manjira.

Charkula: Performed on the third day after Holi, Charkula is presented by women who place lit lamps on their head and dance to appease Lord Krishna.

Language

Hindi is the official language of Madhya Pradesh. Other languages such as Marathi, Malvi, Nimadi, Bundeli etc are spoken in different parts of the state.

 

  1. Maharastra

Dance Lavani: Lavani is a very popular folk dance form that is performed by women wearing sarees. The beats are quick and the dance form is noted for its powerful rhythm.

Language

Marathi is the official language of Maharashtra. However, due to high levels of immigration other languages such as Hindi and English are also use widely.

  1. Manipur 

 

Dance

Dhol Cholom: is a drum dance and is performed during Holi. Drums are an integral part of dances in Manipur

Language

Manipur or Meitei language is the state language of Manipur. However, other dialects are spoken in different parts of the state. English is widely used in Manipur.

 

  1. Meghalaya 

                                                                                                                                                 

Dance

Laho Dance: is one of the most popular traditional dance forms of Meghalaya. This is performed by a young girl who dances with two young men , hand in hand, as a person recites beautiful couplets on love.

Language

The main languages of Meghalaya are Garo and Khasi. English is the official language of the state. Nepali is also widely used by the people of Meghalaya.

 

  1. Mizoram 

Dance

Cheraw Dance: Cheraw dance is a very popular form of dance that is seen in Mizoram. Men hold bamboo poles to the ground and move them in a pattern according to the rhythm played on drums. Women jump through the gaps in these poles to the beat.

Language

Mizo is the most widely spoken language in Mizoram. Mizo language is also called Lushai. Other languages prevalent in Mizoram are Pawi, Paite and Hmar.

 

  1. Nagaland

Dance

Chang Lo: Chang lo is a kind of a victory dance which is performed on special occasions and important festivals such as Poanglem, which is a three day harvest festival.

Language

There are different languages in Nagaland which vary according to the tribes. There are about 20 different dialects, but these languages do not have a script of their own.

 

  1. Odisha

Dance

Gotipua: This is a part of the rich cultural heritage of Odisha. This dance is performed by young boys below the age of 14. This dance was performed in the temples of Odisha to appease Lord Jagannath.

Odissi: This is a beautiful dance form which was practiced by the devadasis of the temples of Odisha. The dance form is characterized by the beautiful costumes, graceful movements and stunning jewellery used by the dancers.

Language

Odiya is the state language of the state. However, languages such as Hindi, English, Bengali and Telugu are widely used languages in the state.

 

  1. Punjab

                                                                         

Dance

Bhangra: Bhangra is one of the most popular traditional dance forms of India. It is usually performed during the harvest season and is noted for the colourful costumes and peppy music.

Language

Punjabi is the state language of Punjab and is also the 10th most widely spoken native language in the world. Hindi is also widely spoken in Punjab.

 

  1. Rajasthan

                                                                                                                                                                          

Dance

Ghoomar: The Ghoomar dance was traditionally performed by the women of the Bhil tribe of Rajasthan. The dance is performed women who wear large swirling robes and sway to the tunes of men and women singing. The beautifully coloured clothes and the jewellery of the dancers are the special features of this form of dance.

Language

Rajasthani is the state language. It has descended from Old Gujarati.

 

  1. Sikkim

Dance

Singhi Chham: This is a traditional dance form wherein dancers wear masks to resemble the snow lion which is the cultural symbol of the region. The music is provided by beating cymbals.

Language

The Sikkimese language is also called Tibetan, Bhutia or Dranjongke. The language is spoken by the Bhutia community of Sikkim.

 

  1. Tamil Nadu 

Dance

Bharat Natyam: This is a classical Indian dance form and is reconstruction of the traditional dance form of devadasis practiced in the temples of Tamil Nadu. The dance form is named after Bharat Muni who wrote Natya Shatra.

Language Tamil language is one of the Dravidian languages of India and has been declared as a classical language by the Indian government. Besides Tamil Nadu, it is also spoken in the neighbouring states of Puducherry, Kerala etc. It is also a major lingua franca in the Andaman and Nicobar islands.

 

  1. Tripura 

Dance

Hojagiri: Hojagiri is the traditional dance of the Reang tribal community of Tripura. Young girls dance on an earthen pitcher and balance an object on their head. The music is provided by beating of cymbals.

 

Language

The main languages of Tripura are Bengali and Kokborok. There is a large settlement of Bengalis in Tripura and a majority of the population in the cities speaks Bengali. The native tribals of the state speak Kokborok.

  1. UttarPradesh

Dance

Charkula dance: This is a form of traditional folk dance which is performed women. The performers usually cover their faces with a veil and carry a multi-tier arrangement of lamps on their head. There are about 108 lit lamps in this arrangement. The performers dance to the rasiya songs of Lord Krishna.

 

Language

Hindi is the official language of the state. However, many other languages, including Hindi, and their dialects are spoken in different parts of the state.

 

  1.   West Bengal

Dance

The Bengali dance has the shadow of folk tradition, influenced from tribes and the Indian tradition. The famous dances in West Bengal are Chau dance, a rare form of mask dance and the Gaudiya Nritya, the Bengali Classical. Various other forms of Indian classical dances have their origin in West Bengal.

 

Language

Bengali is the most common and widely spoken language in West Bengal. Other languages spoken are Hindi, Santali, Nepali, Urdu and Oriya.

 

  1.     Uttarakhand

 

Dance

 

When it comes to traditional dances, Uttarakhand is known for having unique and diverse forms of dances. The dance forms in Uttarakhand are not similar to that of classical dances in other states. It is rather simpler and beautiful to see. The most popular dance forms of Uttarakhand are Chancheri, Chhapeli, Bhotiya, Barada Narti, Jhora, Choliya, Langvir, Pandav, Jhainta and more.

 

Language

 

Garhwali and Kumaoni are the most commonly spoken languages in the hilly areas of the state of Uttarakhand. However, Hindi is widely spoken in the plains. Uttarakhand is the only state in India with ‘Sanskrit’, as one of its official languages.

  1.    Telangana

 

Dance

 

The Perini is the most popular dance forms in Telangana. The Marfa dance was also introduced in Telangana only. It is widely popular in the Arab countries, as well.

 

Language

 

Telugu is the official and most commonly spoken language in the state of Telangana. Urdu, is the second most commonly spoken language and English is also used in different parts of the state.

 

 

 

 

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